The canary is named after the Canary Islands where they formerly lived undomesticated. Today, domesticated canaries live in all parts of the world. The canary species is S canarius and is a tiny fowl from the finch family Fringillidae. The popular canary is genus Serinus. Wild canaries can sing, but their songs are not as harmonious as those of the domesticated birds which have been bred for the high standard of their song. The canary is approx. 5-8 inches long with a wingspan of approx.7 inches and a weight of 15-20 grams. Wild canaries are a dark green and olive colored. Domesticated canaries are usually a bright yellow, although sometimes they may be orange, reddish, or pale yellow. Canaries construct nests of arid moss and weed. Its habitat is semi-open areas such as orchards and underbrush, where it nests in shrubs or trees.
Canaries should be kept in spotless cages, big enough to let the birds fly. Canaries consume canary seed but also like greens such as dandelion, spinach, green lettuce, and watercress and they can be fed a green leaf twice a week. Make certain you thoroughly rinse greens before giving them to your canary. Remove any left over’s before putting your canary to sleep. Canaries also can be given fruit which they care to peck at.